Before 1936 there was no concept of conservation of wild animals or plants in any forest of India. In 1936 first time Government realized that there is need to offer protection to existing forest and its wildlife. And this gave birth to first national park of India in Uttarakhand. It was named Hailey National Park which is today known as Jim Corbett National Park. Sir Edward Jim Corbett has spent a major part of his life in and around of this national park. He played a crucial role in setting up this forest as first national park of India. In the memory of his contribution, after his death in 1957 this national park was renamed Jim Corbett National Park.
Between 1936 to 1972 there were wildlife conservation rules only applicable in National Park but in 1972 first wildlife protection Act was passed which gave especial protection to wildlife inside national park as well as wildlife which is outside national park in any part of India except Kashmir. Along with this wildlife protection act Government of India also started a project “project Tiger” to conserve wild tiger population of India.
Corbett National Park became first national park to get privilege of a Tiger Reserve. Along with Corbett national park surrounding area of Corbett national park came into this project and called Corbett Tiger Reserve. Corbett Tiger Reserve has an area of around 1318 sq. kms including a 520 sq. kms of Corbett national park.
Today Corbett tiger reserve is home for more than 150 royal Bengal tigers, more than 600 wild Asiatic elephants. Apart from these two big mammals more than 500 species of birds including most exotic birds of Indian subcontinents, reptiles like King Cobra, Monitor Lizard, crocodile etc. are found here.